Nuwe resepte

Langs die Knightsbridge Tomato Trail in Washington, DC

Langs die Knightsbridge Tomato Trail in Washington, DC


Alle foto's deur Jai Williams.

In die Chesapeakebaai-streek beteken Augustus twee dinge: 'n oorvloed erfstuk-tamatiesoorte in elke grootte, vorm en kleur, en die koms van een-en-dertig ononderbroke dae van sensuele somergenot. As hulle nie tamaties eet nie, smag hedoniste na hulle, kyk hulle bedrieglik na hulle op die boeremarkte of begeer hulle in die geheim in die tuin van hul buurman. Selfs ambivalente eters droom oor die kans op 'n gesteelde oomblik van bedwelmde plesier en die tentatiewe eerste happie van die karmosynrooi tamatie se gebraaide vleis.

Minimaliste verkies hul bessienak met net 'n gefluister van seesout en konvensionele liefhebbers bedien tamaties in vars, kleurvolle slaaie saam met skerp groente, ekstra suiwer olyfolie en 'n reeks rooi- of witwynasyn.

Die appèl van die tamatie
Wat is dit wat mense so opgewonde maak oor die tamatie? Miskien is dit die manier waarop die tamatie se stewige maar opbrengs bol 'n sappige kern openbaar wat van geur bars. Of dit kan die tamatie se tweeledigheid van soet en hartige geure wees, wat selfs aarbeie wat soet geurig laat lyk, in vergelyking bleek en verwarrend lyk. Wat ook al die aantrekkingskrag is, ons kan met sekerheid sê dat smaaklose, melerige, geprikkelde supermarktamaties nie by almal in gedagte is nie. Waarna mense smag, is minder as perfek, smaaklike, GMO- en plaagdodervrye erfstukke met diep aardse geure en geure. Indië.

U sê 'groente', plantkundiges 'vrugte'
Kokke is mal oor die tamatie, want die kaleidoskopiese mengsel van pittige, soet, sagte, vleisagtige eienskappe verleen kompleksiteit en nuanse aan enige gereg. Baie kokke noem die tamatie verkeerdelik 'n groente, maar hierdie verwarring word vergewe, aangesien die tamatie baie gedaantes het en baie rolle kan speel. Die rooi, goud, bruin, groen, pers en oranje kleurpalet gee dit die veelsydigheid om 'n klein en belangrike speler te wees in aandele, souse, sop, sosaties en bykosse, en dit pas goed met ander seisoenale vrugte en groente.

Ondanks die leek se mening dat die tamatie 'n groente is, het plantkundiges 'n minder romantiese mening. Die wetenskap vertel hulle dat die tamatie as 'n blom begin en later sade produseer, en almal wat selfs 'n rudimentêre plantkunde -klas gevolg het, kan jou vertel dat dit 'n seker teken is dat die tamatie 'n vrug is en nie 'n groente nie. Nietemin swig selfs wetenskaplikes voor die sjarme van die tamatie. Kan dit 'n komplekse mengsel van suikers en verbindings wees van hierdie vrugbare, sonliewende vrugte wat eindelose ure se smaaklike navorsing bied?

Die geurbaarheid van die tamatie
Wat die tamatie so 'n unieke vrug maak, is dat geen enkele vlugtige verbinding die vrugte sy spesiale geure en geure gee nie. 'N Honderdtal vlugtige verbindings vorm eintlik die geur- en reukprofiel van 'n ryp tamatie (insluitend die baie aromatiese stingels en blare), en mense kan slegs ongeveer 15 tot 20 van die mees gekonsentreerde verbindings opspoor. In vergelyking met die een of twee verbindings wat 'n piesang sy individuele geur gee, sien jy hoekom tamatie deur die eeue so 'n gewaardeerde kookbestanddeel geword het. Probeer om die tamatie, stam en blare te ruik en kyk of u spesifieke geure en geure kan identifiseer. Dit is waarskynlik dat u blomme sal vind soos roosblare, groen geure soos vars gras, pittige note van wit en swartpeper, en selfs soet tropiese vrugte.

'N Kenner van fyn tamaties
Hoewel minder verbeeldingryke sjefs die tamatie eenvoudig in vinnige souse of sosaties kan gebruik, is daar sjefs wat die tamatie -seisoen gelukkig omhels en geïnspireer word om oorspronklike geregte te skep wat dit na nuwe hoogtes verhef. En ons moet Ashok Bajaj bedank vir vyf van die mees unieke en vindingryke uitdrukkings van tamatiekuns wat hierdie seisoen aangebied word.

Ashok Bajaj is 'n diskriminerende restaurateur met 'n onberispelike oog vir kwaliteit. Hy streef na uitnemendheid in alle dinge, en om die tamatie se kort oomblik van seisoenale skoonheid vas te vang, het hy verstandig sjefs by vyf van sy Knightsbridge Restaurant GroupSe restaurante maak tamatiesgerigte spyskaarte wat hierdie vrugte gedurende Augustus vier. Elke sjef het sy stempel afgedruk op oorspronklike en briljant uitgevoerde geregte by 701, Ardeo + Bardeo, Bibiana, NoPa Kitchen + Bar en Oval Room. Ons was gelukkig om elke gereg te proe en die inspirasie agter elkeen te ontdek. Ons huiwer om die woord genie te liberaal te gebruik, maar in hierdie geval pas dit. Gaan daarheen om te proe voordat hulle verdwyn met die einde van die seisoen, anders mis u hierdie skouspelagtige eetervaring.

Ardeo + Bardeo
Wanneer Ardeo+Bardeo uitvoerende sjef Jonathan Dearden sê sy tamaties is plaaslik, hy bedoel dit. Die kersietamaties verskyn in sy erf tamatieslaai word op die dak van die restaurant gegroei en hy kry sy kaas, vrugte en groente plaaslik by ywerige verskaffers. Elke bestanddeel is helder en versadig met juweeltone van robyn, smarag en lapis, en hoewel die slaai slegs 'n paar uitgesoekte bestanddele bevat, leef elkeen in u smaak. Sjef Dearden het die essensie van 'n somertuin vasgevang in sy versnit van ingelegde bloubessies, mâche, pruim, Burbank, songoud en rooi bloos tamaties. 'N Delikate songedroogde tamatie en balsamiese vinaigrette bevat ekstra olyfolie, knoffel en sjalot en versterk die geure en smaak van elke bestanddeel. Hierdie gereg is 'n bewys dat 'n kunstenaar nodig is om 'n eenvoudige tamatieslaai te verhef tot 'n kleur van impressionistiese kuns wat so verleidelik en vars lyk soos dit lyk. Dit kan maklik die plek inneem as die ouverture van enige maaltyd.


Die drie susters: mielies, boontjies en muurbal

Het u geweet dat mielies, boontjies en muurbal die 'Drie susters”? 'N Aantal inheemse Amerikaanse stamme het hierdie trio oorgeplant omdat hulle saam floreer, net soos drie onafskeidbare susters. Hier is hoe u u eie Three Sisters -tuin kan plant.

Wat is 'n Three Sisters Garden?

Die Three Sisters -metode is metgesel plant op sy beste, met drie plante wat simbioties groei om onkruid en plae af te skrik, die grond te verryk en mekaar te ondersteun.

In plaas van vandag se enkele rye van 'n enkele groente, het hierdie metode van inplanting die biodiversiteit bekendgestel, wat baie dinge doen - van die aantrek van bestuiwers tot die ryker land in plaas daarvan om dit van voedingstowwe te verwyder. In 'n sekere sin neem ons nie meer uit die natuur as wat ons teruggee nie.

Teen die tyd dat Europese setlaars in die vroeë 1600's in Amerika aangekom het, het die Iroquois al meer as drie eeue lank die 'drie susters' laat groei. Die groentetrio het die inheemse Amerikaners fisies en geestelik ondersteun. In die legende was die plante 'n geskenk van die gode, wat altyd saam gekweek, saam geëet en saam gevier moes word.

Elkeen van die susters dra iets by tot die plant. Saam bied die susters 'n gebalanseerde dieet uit 'n enkele plant.

  • Soos ouer susters gereeld doen, bied die mielies die boontjies die nodige ondersteuning.
  • Die paalbone, die geeende suster, trek stikstof uit die lug en bring dit ten bate van al drie na die grond.
  • Terwyl die boontjies deur die warboel wingerde wingerde groei en teen die mieliestokke in die sonlig opdraai, hou hulle die susters naby mekaar.
  • Die groot blare van die uitgestrekte muurbal beskerm die drietal deur lewende deklaag te skep wat die grond skaduwee, koel en klam hou en onkruid voorkom.
  • Die stekelblokkiesblare hou ook wasbeer en ander plae weg, wat nie daarvan hou om daarop te trap nie.

Saam bied die drie susters volhoubare grondvrugbaarheid sowel as 'n goeie dieet. Perfeksie!


Beeldkrediet: University of Illinois Extension

Watter sade om te plant

In die hedendaagse tuine bestaan ​​die drie susters uit hierdie drie groente:

    (nie bosbone nie). Gewone paalbone soos Scarlet Runner of Italian Snap behoort te werk. Die 'Ohio Pole Bean' is ons gunsteling. Ons het ook gehoor dat 'n paar baie kragtige hibriede paalbone wat by dun baster mieliestronke klim, dit kan aftrek. As u dus ekstra versigtig wil wees, soek minder kragtige klimmers. As u inheemse variëteite wil probeer, soek dan Four Corners Gold Beans of Hopi Light Yellow.
    soos suikermielies, dekmielies of springmielies, of 'n kombinasie. Jou gunsteling suikermieliesoort is wel van toepassing, hoewel inheemse Amerikaners 'n stukkende mielie met korter stingels of baie gestamde variëteite gebruik het, sodat die boontjies nie die koring afval nie, soos liggeel Tarhumara-mielies, Hopi White-mielies of Black Aztec,
    soos somerpampoen (courgette) of winterpampoen (Hubbard). Let wel: Pampoene is 'n te sterk en swaar plant in 'n aparte bed. Inheemse Amerikaanse muurbal was anders, maar 'n geel somerhals is soortgelyk genoeg.

As u suiwer stamme van inheemse sade wil ondersoek, kontak kundiges soos Native Seeds/ SEARCH, 'n nie -winsgewende organisasie met sy hoofkwartier in Tucson, Arizona, of inheemse Amerikaanse kulturele museums.

Hoe om die drie susters te plant

Daar is variasies van die Three Sisters -metode, maar die idee is om die susters in trosse op lae wye heuwels te plant eerder as in 'n enkele tradisionele ry.

Kies 'n sonnige plek voor plant, ten minste 6 uur vol son elke dag. Hierdie plantmetode is nie op rye gebaseer nie, dink dus aan 'n klein veld. Elke heuwel sal ongeveer 4 voet breed en 4 voet uitmekaar wees, met 4 tot 6 mielieplante per heuwel. Bereken u ruimte met die oog hierop.

  1. In die lente berei u die grond voor met baie organiese materiaal en kompos sonder onkruid. Pas die grond aan met visafval of houtas indien nodig.
  2. Maak 'n hoop grond ongeveer 'n voet hoog en 3 tot 4 voet breed met 'n plat top wat ongeveer 10 sentimeter lank is. Vir veelvuldige heuwels, spasie ongeveer vier voet uitmekaar.
  3. Plant mielies eers as die rypgevaar verby is en die nagtemperature 55 ° F bereik. Moenie in die meeste gebiede later as 1 Junie plant nie, aangesien koring 'n lang groeiseisoen vereis. Sien plaaslike rypdatums.
  4. Saai ses mieliepitte 'n duim diep in die plat deel van die heuwel, ongeveer tien sentimeter uitmekaar in 'n sirkel van ongeveer 2 voet in deursnee.
  5. Moenie die boontjies en pampoen plant totdat die mielies ongeveer 6 sentimeter tot 1 voet lank is nie. Dit verseker dat die mieliestingels sterk genoeg is om die boontjies te ondersteun. Die boontjies se rol is om stikstof in die grond vas te maak, wat nodig is vir 'n sterk mielieproduksie. U kan verskillende soorte boontjieboontjies verbou sonder om bekommerd te wees oor basters, maar plant net een variëteit per heuwel. (Wenk: 'N Ander opsie is om mielie -oorplantings in hierdie geval te plant, jy plant dit op dieselfde tyd as die boontjies.)
  6. Sodra mielies 6 duim tot 1 voet lank is, plant vier boontjiesade, eweredig oor elke steel. (Wenk: As u u boontjiesade met 'n onskuldige stof bedek voordat u plant, plaas u stikstof in die grond en dit sal alle plante bevoordeel.)
  7. Ongeveer 'n week later, plant ses muurbalsaad, eweredig oor die omtrek van die heuwel. Sien die afstand tussen muurbal op u pakkie, gewoonlik is dit ongeveer 18 sentimeter uitmekaar. U kan twee sade in elke gaatjie plaas om te ontkiem.

Soms word 'n vierde suster ingesluit, soos 'n sonneblom of amarant, wat bestuiwers lok en voëls van die sade af weglok. Sonneblomme kan geplant word in die dwarssnit van die spasies tussen die mielieheuwels en geoes word vir sade. Amarant kan tussen die pampoen opkom en kan geoes word vir setperke en vir sade.

Kyk na ons video oor hoe u 'n tuin met drie susters kan plant.

Lees ons artikel oor Companion Gardening vir meer inligting oor watter plante vriende is - of vyande!


Die drie susters: mielies, boontjies en muurbal

Het u geweet dat mielies, boontjies en muurbal die 'Drie susters”? 'N Aantal inheemse Amerikaanse stamme het hierdie trio oorgeplant omdat hulle saam floreer, net soos drie onafskeidbare susters. Hier is hoe u u eie Three Sisters -tuin kan plant.

Wat is 'n Three Sisters Garden?

Die Three Sisters -metode is metgesel plant op sy beste, met drie plante wat simbioties groei om onkruid en plae af te skrik, die grond te verryk en mekaar te ondersteun.

In plaas van vandag se enkele rye van 'n enkele groente, het hierdie metode van inplanting die biodiversiteit bekendgestel, wat baie dinge doen - van die aantrek van bestuiwers tot die ryker land in plaas daarvan om dit van voedingstowwe te verwyder. In 'n sekere sin neem ons nie meer uit die natuur as wat ons teruggee nie.

Teen die tyd dat Europese setlaars in die vroeë 1600's in Amerika aangekom het, het die Iroquois al meer as drie eeue lank die 'drie susters' laat groei. Die groentetrio het die inheemse Amerikaners fisies en geestelik ondersteun. In die legende was die plante 'n geskenk van die gode, wat altyd saam gekweek, saam geëet en saam gevier moes word.

Elkeen van die susters dra iets by tot die plant. Saam bied die susters 'n gebalanseerde dieet uit 'n enkele plant.

  • Soos ouer susters gereeld doen, bied die mielies die boontjies die nodige ondersteuning.
  • Die paalbone, die geeende suster, trek stikstof uit die lug en bring dit ten bate van al drie na die grond.
  • Terwyl die boontjies deur die warboelwortelstokke groei en teen die mieliestokke in die sonlig opdraai, hou hulle die susters naby mekaar.
  • Die groot blare van die uitgestrekte muurbal beskerm die drietal deur lewende deklaag te skep wat die grond skaduwee, koel en klam hou en onkruid voorkom.
  • Die stekelblokkiesblare hou ook wasbeer en ander plae weg, wat nie daarvan hou om daarop te trap nie.

Saam bied die drie susters volhoubare grondvrugbaarheid sowel as 'n goeie dieet. Perfeksie!


Beeldkrediet: University of Illinois Extension

Watter sade om te plant

In die hedendaagse tuine bestaan ​​die drie susters uit hierdie drie groente:

    (nie bosbone nie). Gewone paalbone soos Scarlet Runner of Italian Snap behoort te werk. Die 'Ohio Pole Bean' is ons gunsteling. Ons het ook gehoor dat 'n paar baie kragtige hibriede paalbone wat op dun baster mieliestronke klim, dit kan aftrek. As u dus ekstra versigtig wil wees, soek dan minder kragtige klimmers. As u inheemse variëteite wil probeer, soek dan Four Corners Gold Beans of Hopi Light Yellow.
    soos suikermielies, dekmielies of springmielies, of 'n kombinasie. Jou gunsteling suikermieliesoort is wel van toepassing, hoewel inheemse Amerikaners 'n stukkende mielie met korter stingels of baie gestamde variëteite gebruik het, sodat die boontjies nie die mielies aftrek nie, soos liggeel Tarhumara-mielies, Hopi White-mielies of erfenis Black Aztec,
    soos somerpampoen (courgette) of winterpampoen (Hubbard). Let wel: Pampoene is 'n te sterk en swaar plant in 'n aparte bed. Inheemse Amerikaanse muurbal was anders, maar 'n geel somerhals is soortgelyk genoeg.

As u suiwer stamme van inheemse sade wil ondersoek, kontak kundiges soos Native Seeds/ SEARCH, 'n nie -winsgewende organisasie met sy hoofkwartier in Tucson, Arizona, of inheemse Amerikaanse kulturele museums.

Hoe om die drie susters te plant

Daar is variasies van die Three Sisters -metode, maar die idee is om die susters in trosse op lae wye heuwels te plant eerder as in 'n enkele tradisionele ry.

Kies 'n sonnige plek voor plant, ten minste 6 uur vol son elke dag. Hierdie plantmetode is nie gebaseer op rye nie, so dink in terme van 'n klein veld. Elke heuwel sal ongeveer 4 voet breed en 4 voet uitmekaar wees, met 4 tot 6 mielieplante per heuwel. Bereken u ruimte met die oog hierop.

  1. In die lente berei u die grond voor met baie organiese materiaal en kompos sonder onkruid. Pas die grond aan met visafval of houtas indien nodig.
  2. Maak 'n hoop grond ongeveer 'n voet hoog en 3 tot 4 voet breed met 'n plat top wat ongeveer 10 sentimeter lank is. Vir veelvuldige heuwels, spasie ongeveer vier voet uitmekaar.
  3. Plant mielies eers as die rypgevaar verby is en die nagtemperature 55 ° F bereik. Moenie in die meeste gebiede later as 1 Junie plant nie, aangesien koring 'n lang groeiseisoen vereis. Sien plaaslike rypdatums.
  4. Saai ses mieliepitte 'n duim diep in die plat deel van die heuwel, ongeveer tien sentimeter uitmekaar in 'n sirkel van ongeveer 2 voet in deursnee.
  5. Moenie die boontjies en die pampoen plant totdat die mielies ongeveer 6 sentimeter tot 1 voet lank is nie. Dit verseker dat die mieliestingels sterk genoeg is om die boontjies te ondersteun. Die boontjies se rol is om stikstof in die grond vas te maak, wat nodig is vir 'n sterk mielieproduksie. U kan verskillende soorte boontjieboontjies verbou sonder om bekommerd te wees oor basters, maar plant net een variëteit per heuwel. (Wenk: 'N Ander opsie is om mielie -oorplantings in hierdie geval te plant; u plant dit op dieselfde tyd as die boontjies.)
  6. Sodra mielies 6 duim tot 1 voet lank is, plant vier boontjiesade, eweredig oor elke steel. (Wenk: As u u boontjiesade met 'n onskuldige stof bedek voordat u plant, plaas u stikstof in die grond en dit sal alle plante bevoordeel.)
  7. Ongeveer 'n week later, plant ses muurbalsaad, eweredig oor die omtrek van die heuwel. Sien die afstand tussen muurbal op u pakkie, gewoonlik is dit ongeveer 18 sentimeter uitmekaar. U kan twee sade in elke gaatjie plaas om te ontkiem.

Soms word 'n vierde suster ingesluit, soos 'n sonneblom of amarant, wat bestuiwers lok en voëls van die sade af weglok. Sonneblomme kan geplant word in die dwarssnit van die spasies tussen die koringheuwels en geoes word vir sade. Amarant kan tussen die pampoen opkom en kan geoes word vir setperke en vir sade.

Kyk na ons video oor hoe u 'n tuin met drie susters kan plant.

Lees ons artikel oor Companion Gardening vir meer inligting oor watter plante vriende is - of vyande!


Die drie susters: mielies, boontjies en muurbal

Het u geweet dat mielies, boontjies en muurbal die 'Drie susters”? 'N Aantal inheemse Amerikaanse stamme het hierdie trio oorgeplant omdat hulle saam floreer, net soos drie onafskeidbare susters. Hier is hoe u u eie Three Sisters -tuin kan plant.

Wat is 'n Three Sisters Garden?

Die Three Sisters -metode is metgesel plant op sy beste, met drie plante wat simbioties groei om onkruid en plae af te skrik, die grond te verryk en mekaar te ondersteun.

In plaas van vandag se enkele rye van 'n enkele groente, het hierdie metode van inplanting die biodiversiteit bekendgestel, wat baie dinge doen - van die aantrek van bestuiwers tot die ryker land in plaas daarvan om dit van voedingstowwe te verwyder. In 'n sekere sin neem ons nie meer uit die natuur as wat ons teruggee nie.

Teen die tyd dat Europese setlaars in die vroeë 1600's in Amerika aangekom het, het die Iroquois al meer as drie eeue lank die 'drie susters' laat groei. Die groentetrio het die inheemse Amerikaners fisies en geestelik ondersteun. In die legende was die plante 'n geskenk van die gode, wat altyd saam gekweek, saam geëet en saam gevier moes word.

Elkeen van die susters dra iets by tot die plant. Saam bied die susters 'n gebalanseerde dieet uit 'n enkele plant.

  • Soos ouer susters gereeld doen, bied die mielies die bone die nodige ondersteuning.
  • Die paalbone, die geeende suster, trek stikstof uit die lug en bring dit ten bate van al drie na die grond.
  • Terwyl die boontjies deur die warboelwortelstokke groei en teen die mieliestokke in die sonlig opdraai, hou hulle die susters naby mekaar.
  • Die groot blare van die uitgestrekte muurbal beskerm die drietal deur lewende deklaag te skep wat die grond skaduwee, koel en klam hou en onkruid voorkom.
  • Die stekelblokkiesblare hou ook wasbeer en ander plae weg, wat nie daarvan hou om daarop te trap nie.

Saam bied die drie susters volhoubare grondvrugbaarheid sowel as 'n gesonde dieet. Perfeksie!


Beeldkrediet: University of Illinois Extension

Watter sade om te plant

In die hedendaagse tuine bestaan ​​die drie susters uit hierdie drie groente:

    (nie bosbone nie). Gewone paalbone soos Scarlet Runner of Italian Snap behoort te werk. Die 'Ohio Pole Bean' is ons gunsteling. Ons het ook gehoor dat 'n paar baie kragtige hibriede paalbone wat by dun baster mieliestronke klim, dit kan aftrek. As u dus ekstra versigtig wil wees, soek dan minder kragtige klimmers. As u inheemse variëteite wil probeer, soek dan Four Corners Gold Beans of Hopi Light Yellow.
    soos suikermielies, dekmielies of springmielies, of 'n kombinasie. Jou gunsteling suikermieliesoort is wel van toepassing, hoewel inheemse Amerikaners 'n stukkende mielie met korter stingels of baie gestamde variëteite gebruik het, sodat die boontjies nie die mielies aftrek nie, soos liggeel Tarhumara-mielies, Hopi White-mielies of erfenis Black Aztec,
    soos somerpampoen (courgette) of winterpampoen (Hubbard). Let wel: Pampoene is 'n te sterk en swaar plant in 'n aparte bed. Inheemse Amerikaanse muurbal was anders, maar 'n geel somerhals is soortgelyk genoeg.

As u suiwer stamme van inheemse sade wil ondersoek, kontak kundiges soos Native Seeds/ SEARCH, 'n nie -winsgewende organisasie met sy hoofkwartier in Tucson, Arizona, of inheemse Amerikaanse kulturele museums.

Hoe om die drie susters te plant

Daar is variasies van die Three Sisters -metode, maar die idee is om die susters in trosse op lae wye heuwels te plant eerder as in 'n enkele tradisionele ry.

Kies 'n sonnige plek voor plant, ten minste 6 uur vol son elke dag. Hierdie plantmetode is nie op rye gebaseer nie, dink dus aan 'n klein veld. Elke heuwel sal ongeveer 4 voet breed en 4 voet uitmekaar wees, met 4 tot 6 mielieplante per heuwel. Bereken u ruimte met die oog hierop.

  1. In die lente berei u die grond voor met baie organiese materiaal en kompos sonder onkruid. Pas die grond aan met visafval of houtas indien nodig.
  2. Maak 'n hoop grond ongeveer 'n voet hoog en 3 tot 4 voet breed met 'n plat top wat ongeveer 10 sentimeter lank is. Vir veelvuldige heuwels, spasie ongeveer vier voet uitmekaar.
  3. Plant mielies eers as die rypgevaar verby is en die nagtemperature 55 ° F bereik. Moenie in die meeste gebiede later as 1 Junie plant nie, aangesien koring 'n lang groeiseisoen vereis. Sien plaaslike rypdatums.
  4. Saai ses mieliepitte 'n duim diep in die plat deel van die heuwel, ongeveer tien sentimeter uitmekaar in 'n sirkel van ongeveer 2 voet in deursnee.
  5. Moenie die boontjies en die pampoen plant totdat die mielies ongeveer 6 sentimeter tot 1 voet lank is nie. Dit verseker dat die mieliestingels sterk genoeg is om die boontjies te ondersteun. Die boontjies se rol is om stikstof in die grond vas te maak, wat nodig is vir 'n sterk mielieproduksie. U kan verskillende soorte boontjieboontjies verbou sonder om bekommerd te wees oor basters, maar plant net een variëteit per heuwel. (Wenk: 'N Ander opsie is om mielie -oorplantings in hierdie geval te plant; u plant dit op dieselfde tyd as die boontjies.)
  6. Sodra mielies 6 duim tot 1 voet lank is, plant vier boontjiesade, eweredig oor elke steel. (Wenk: As u u boontjiesade met 'n onskuldige stof bedek voordat u plant, plaas u stikstof in die grond en dit sal alle plante bevoordeel.)
  7. Ongeveer 'n week later, plant ses muurbalsaad, eweredig oor die omtrek van die heuwel. Sien die afstand tussen muurbal op u pakkie, gewoonlik is dit ongeveer 18 sentimeter uitmekaar. U kan twee sade in elke gaatjie plaas om te ontkiem.

Soms word 'n vierde suster ingesluit, soos 'n sonneblom of amarant, wat bestuiwers lok en voëls van die sade af weglok. Sonneblomme kan geplant word in die dwarssnit van die spasies tussen die koringheuwels en geoes word vir sade. Amarant kan tussen die pampoen opkom en kan geoes word vir setperke en vir sade.

Kyk na ons video oor hoe u 'n tuin met drie susters kan plant.

Lees ons artikel oor Companion Gardening vir meer inligting oor watter plante vriende is - of vyande!


Die drie susters: mielies, boontjies en muurbal

Het u geweet dat mielies, boontjies en muurbal die 'Drie susters”? 'N Aantal inheemse Amerikaanse stamme het hierdie trio oorgeplant omdat hulle saam floreer, net soos drie onafskeidbare susters. Hier is hoe u u eie Three Sisters -tuin kan plant.

Wat is 'n Three Sisters Garden?

Die Three Sisters -metode is metgesel plant op sy beste, met drie plante wat simbioties groei om onkruid en plae af te skrik, die grond te verryk en mekaar te ondersteun.

In plaas van vandag se enkele rye van 'n enkele groente, het hierdie metode van inplanting die biodiversiteit bekendgestel, wat baie dinge doen - van die aantrek van bestuiwers tot die ryker land in plaas daarvan om dit van voedingstowwe te verwyder. In 'n sekere sin neem ons nie meer uit die natuur as wat ons teruggee nie.

Teen die tyd dat Europese setlaars in die vroeë 1600's in Amerika aangekom het, het die Iroquois al meer as drie eeue lank die 'drie susters' laat groei. Die groentetrio het die inheemse Amerikaners liggaamlik en geestelik ondersteun. In die legende was die plante 'n geskenk van die gode, wat altyd saam gekweek, saam geëet en saam gevier moes word.

Elkeen van die susters dra iets by tot die plant. Saam bied die susters 'n gebalanseerde dieet uit 'n enkele plant.

  • Soos ouer susters gereeld doen, bied die mielies die boontjies die nodige ondersteuning.
  • Die paalbone, die geeende suster, trek stikstof uit die lug en bring dit ten bate van al drie na die grond.
  • Terwyl die boontjies deur die warboel wingerde wingerde groei en teen die mieliestokke in die sonlig opdraai, hou hulle die susters naby mekaar.
  • Die groot blare van die uitgestrekte muurbal beskerm die drietal deur lewende deklaag te skep wat die grond skaduwee, koel en klam hou en onkruid voorkom.
  • Die stekelblokkiesblare hou ook wasbeer en ander plae weg, wat nie daarvan hou om daarop te trap nie.

Saam bied die drie susters volhoubare grondvrugbaarheid sowel as 'n gesonde dieet. Perfeksie!


Beeldkrediet: University of Illinois Extension

Watter sade om te plant

In die hedendaagse tuine bestaan ​​die drie susters uit hierdie drie groente:

    (nie bosbone nie). Gewone paalbone soos Scarlet Runner of Italian Snap behoort te werk. Die 'Ohio Pole Bean' is ons gunsteling. Ons het ook gehoor dat 'n paar baie kragtige hibriede paalbone wat by dun baster mieliestronke klim, dit kan aftrek. As u dus ekstra versigtig wil wees, soek dan minder kragtige klimmers. As u inheemse variëteite wil probeer, soek dan Four Corners Gold Beans of Hopi Light Yellow.
    soos suikermielies, dekmielies of springmielies, of 'n kombinasie. Jou gunsteling suikermieliesoort is wel van toepassing, hoewel inheemse Amerikaners 'n stukkende mielie met korter stingels of baie gestamde variëteite gebruik het, sodat die boontjies nie die mielies aftrek nie, soos liggeel Tarhumara-mielies, Hopi White-mielies of erfenis Black Aztec,
    soos somerpampoen (courgette) of winterpampoen (Hubbard). Let wel: Pampoene is 'n te sterk en swaar plant in 'n aparte bed. Inheemse Amerikaanse muurbal was anders, maar 'n geel somerhals is soortgelyk genoeg.

As u suiwer stamme van inheemse sade wil ondersoek, kontak kundiges soos Native Seeds/ SEARCH, 'n nie -winsgewende organisasie met sy hoofkwartier in Tucson, Arizona, of inheemse Amerikaanse kulturele museums.

Hoe om die drie susters te plant

Daar is variasies van die Three Sisters -metode, maar die idee is om die susters in trosse op lae wye heuwels te plant eerder as in 'n enkele tradisionele ry.

Kies 'n sonnige plek voor plant, ten minste 6 uur vol son elke dag. Hierdie plantmetode is nie op rye gebaseer nie, dink dus aan 'n klein veld. Elke heuwel sal ongeveer 4 voet breed en 4 voet uitmekaar wees, met 4 tot 6 mielieplante per heuwel. Bereken u ruimte met die oog hierop.

  1. In die lente berei u die grond voor met baie organiese materiaal en kompos sonder onkruid. Pas die grond aan met visafval of houtas indien nodig.
  2. Maak 'n hoop grond ongeveer 'n voet hoog en 3 tot 4 voet breed met 'n plat top wat ongeveer 10 sentimeter lank is. Vir veelvuldige heuwels, spasie ongeveer vier voet uitmekaar.
  3. Plant mielies eers as die rypgevaar verby is en die nagtemperature 55 ° F bereik. Moenie in die meeste gebiede later as 1 Junie plant nie, aangesien koring 'n lang groeiseisoen vereis. Sien plaaslike rypdatums.
  4. Saai ses mieliepitte 'n duim diep in die plat deel van die heuwel, ongeveer tien sentimeter uitmekaar in 'n sirkel van ongeveer 2 voet in deursnee.
  5. Moenie die boontjies en die pampoen plant totdat die mielies ongeveer 6 sentimeter tot 1 voet lank is nie. Dit verseker dat die mieliestingels sterk genoeg is om die boontjies te ondersteun. Die boontjies se rol is om stikstof in die grond vas te maak, wat nodig is vir 'n sterk mielieproduksie. U kan verskillende soorte boontjieboontjies verbou sonder om bekommerd te wees oor basters, maar plant net een variëteit per heuwel. (Wenk: 'N Ander opsie is om mielie -oorplantings in hierdie geval te plant; u plant dit op dieselfde tyd as die boontjies.)
  6. Sodra mielies 6 duim tot 1 voet lank is, plant vier boontjiesade, eweredig oor elke steel. (Wenk: As u u boontjiesade met 'n onskuldige stof bedek voordat u plant, plaas u stikstof in die grond en dit sal alle plante bevoordeel.)
  7. Ongeveer 'n week later, plant ses muurbalsaad, eweredig oor die omtrek van die heuwel. Sien die afstand tussen muurbal op u pakkie, gewoonlik is dit ongeveer 18 sentimeter uitmekaar. U kan twee sade in elke gaatjie plaas om te ontkiem.

Soms word 'n vierde suster ingesluit, soos 'n sonneblom of amarant, wat bestuiwers lok en voëls van die sade af weglok. Sonneblomme kan geplant word in die dwarssnit van die spasies tussen die mielieheuwels en geoes word vir sade. Amarant kan tussen die pampoen opkom en kan geoes word vir setperke en vir sade.

Kyk na ons video oor hoe u 'n tuin met drie susters kan plant.

Lees ons artikel oor Companion Gardening vir meer inligting oor watter plante vriende is - of vyande!


Die drie susters: mielies, boontjies en muurbal

Het u geweet dat mielies, boontjies en muurbal die 'Drie susters”? 'N Aantal inheemse Amerikaanse stamme het hierdie trio oorgeplant omdat hulle saam floreer, net soos drie onafskeidbare susters. Hier is hoe u u eie Three Sisters -tuin kan plant.

Wat is 'n Three Sisters Garden?

Die Three Sisters -metode is metgesel plant op sy beste, met drie plante wat simbioties groei om onkruid en plae af te skrik, die grond te verryk en mekaar te ondersteun.

In plaas van vandag se enkele rye van 'n enkele groente, het hierdie metode van inplanting die biodiversiteit bekendgestel, wat baie dinge doen - van die aantrek van bestuiwers tot die maak van die land ryker in plaas daarvan om dit van voedingstowwe te verwyder. In 'n sekere sin neem ons nie meer uit die natuur as wat ons teruggee nie.

Teen die tyd dat Europese setlaars in die vroeë 1600's in Amerika aangekom het, het die Iroquois al meer as drie eeue lank die 'drie susters' laat groei. Die groentetrio het die inheemse Amerikaners liggaamlik en geestelik ondersteun. In die legende was die plante 'n geskenk van die gode, wat altyd saam gekweek, saam geëet en saam gevier moes word.

Elkeen van die susters dra iets by tot die plant. Saam bied die susters 'n gebalanseerde dieet uit 'n enkele plant.

  • Soos ouer susters gereeld doen, bied die mielies die boontjies die nodige ondersteuning.
  • Die paalbone, die geeende suster, trek stikstof uit die lug en bring dit ten bate van al drie na die grond.
  • Terwyl die boontjies deur die warboel wingerde wingerde groei en teen die mieliestokke in die sonlig opdraai, hou hulle die susters naby mekaar.
  • Die groot blare van die uitgestrekte muurbal beskerm die drietal deur lewende deklaag te skep wat die grond skaduwee, koel en klam hou en onkruid voorkom.
  • The prickly squash leaves also keep away raccoons and other pests, which don’t like to step on them.

Together, the three sisters provide both sustainable soil fertility as well as a heathly diet. Perfeksie!


Image credit: University of Illinois Extension

Which Seeds to Plant

In modern-day gardens, the Three Sisters consists of these three vegetables:

    (not bush beans). Common pole beans such as Scarlet Runner or Italian Snap should work. The ‘Ohio Pole Bean’ is our favorite. We’ve also heard that some very vigorous hybrid pole beans clambering up skinny hybrid corn stalks can pull them down. So if you want to be extra cautious, look for less vigorous climbers. If you’d like to try native varieties, look for Four Corners Gold Beans or Hopi Light Yellow.
    such as sweet corn, dent corn, or popcorn, or a combination. Your favorite sweet corn variety will do, although Native Americanas used a hearier corn with shorter stalks or many-stalked varieties so that the beans didn’t pull down the corn such as pale yellow Tarhumara corn, Hopi White corn, or heritage Black Aztec,
    such as summer squash (zucchini) or winter squash (Hubbard). Let wel: Pumpkins are too vigorous and heavy plant in a separate bed. Native American squash was different, but a yellow summer crookneck is similar enough.

If you do wish to investigate pure strains of native seeds, reach out to experts such as Native Seeds/ SEARCH , a nonprofit headquartered in Tucson, Arizona, or Native American cultural museums.

How to Plant the Three Sisters

There are variations to the Three Sisters method, but the idea is to plant the sisters in clusters on low wide mounds rather than in a single traditional row.

Before planting, choose a sunny location (at least 6 hours of full sun every day). This method of planting isn’t based on rows, so think in terms of a small field. Each hill will be about 4 feet wide and 4 feet apart, with 4 to 6 corn plants per hill. Calculate your space with this in mind.

  1. In the spring, prepare the soil with plenty of organic matter and weed-free compost. Adjust the soil with fish scraps or wood ash if needed.
  2. Make a mound of soil about a foot high and 3 to 4 feet wide with a flat top that is about 10 inches across. For multiple mounds, space about four feet apart.
  3. Plant corn first once danger of frost has passed and nighttime temperatures reach 55°F. Don’t plant any later than June 1 in most areas, since corn requires a long growing season. Sien plaaslike rypdatums.
  4. Sow six kernels of corn an inch deep in the flat part of the mound, about ten inches apart in a circle of about 2 feet in diameter.
  5. Don’t plant the beans and squash until the corn is about 6 inches to 1 foot tall. This ensures that the corn stalks will be strong enough to support the beans. The beans’ role is to fix nitrogen in the soil, which is needed for strong corn production. You can grow several pole bean varieties without worrying about hybrids, but just plant one variety per hill. (Wenk: Another option is to plant corn transplants in this case, you’d plant them at the same time as the beans.)
  6. Once corn is 6 inches to 1 foot tall, plant four bean seeds, evenly spaced, around each stalk. (Wenk: If you coat your bean seeds with an innoculant before planting, you will fix nitrogen in the soil and that will benefit all of the plants.)
  7. About a week later, plant six squash seeds, evenly spaced, around the perimeter of the mound. See the spacing for squash on your packet usually this is about 18 inches apart. You may wish to put two seeds in each hole to ensure germination.

Sometimes a fourth sister is included, such as a sunflower or amaranth, which attracts pollinators and lures birds away from the seeds. Sunflowers can be planted at the cross section of the spaces between the corn hills, and harvested for seeds. Amaranth could come up among the squash, and could be harvested both for greens and for seeds.

Watch our video demonstrating how to plant a three sisters garden.

Read our article on Companion Gardening to learn more about which plants are friends—or, foes!


The Three Sisters: Corn, Beans, and Squash

Did you know that corn, beans, and squash are called the “Three Sisters”? A number of Native American tribes interplanted this trio because they thrive together, much like three inseparable sisters. Here’s how to plant your own Three Sisters garden.

What Is a Three Sisters Garden?

The Three Sisters method is companion planting at its best, with three plants growing symbiotically to deter weeds and pests, enrich the soil, and support each other.

Instead of today’s single rows of a single vegetable, this method of interplanting introduced biodiversity, which does many things—from attracting pollinators to making the land richer instead of stripping it of nutrients. In a sense, we take no more from nature than what we give back.

By the time European settlers arrived in America in the early 1600s, the Iroquois had been growing the “three sisters” for over three centuries. The vegetable trio sustained the Native Americans both physically and spiritually. In legend, the plants were a gift from the gods, always to be grown together, eaten together, and celebrated together.

Each of the sisters contributes something to the planting. Together, the sisters provide a balanced diet from a single planting.

  • As older sisters often do, the corn offers the beans necessary support.
  • The pole beans, the giving sister, pull nitrogen from the air and bring it to the soil for the benefit of all three.
  • As the beans grow through the tangle of squash vines and wind their way up the cornstalks into the sunlight, they hold the sisters close together.
  • The large leaves of the sprawling squash protect the threesome by creating living mulch that shades the soil, keeping it cool and moist and preventing weeds.
  • The prickly squash leaves also keep away raccoons and other pests, which don’t like to step on them.

Together, the three sisters provide both sustainable soil fertility as well as a heathly diet. Perfeksie!


Image credit: University of Illinois Extension

Which Seeds to Plant

In modern-day gardens, the Three Sisters consists of these three vegetables:

    (not bush beans). Common pole beans such as Scarlet Runner or Italian Snap should work. The ‘Ohio Pole Bean’ is our favorite. We’ve also heard that some very vigorous hybrid pole beans clambering up skinny hybrid corn stalks can pull them down. So if you want to be extra cautious, look for less vigorous climbers. If you’d like to try native varieties, look for Four Corners Gold Beans or Hopi Light Yellow.
    such as sweet corn, dent corn, or popcorn, or a combination. Your favorite sweet corn variety will do, although Native Americanas used a hearier corn with shorter stalks or many-stalked varieties so that the beans didn’t pull down the corn such as pale yellow Tarhumara corn, Hopi White corn, or heritage Black Aztec,
    such as summer squash (zucchini) or winter squash (Hubbard). Let wel: Pumpkins are too vigorous and heavy plant in a separate bed. Native American squash was different, but a yellow summer crookneck is similar enough.

If you do wish to investigate pure strains of native seeds, reach out to experts such as Native Seeds/ SEARCH , a nonprofit headquartered in Tucson, Arizona, or Native American cultural museums.

How to Plant the Three Sisters

There are variations to the Three Sisters method, but the idea is to plant the sisters in clusters on low wide mounds rather than in a single traditional row.

Before planting, choose a sunny location (at least 6 hours of full sun every day). This method of planting isn’t based on rows, so think in terms of a small field. Each hill will be about 4 feet wide and 4 feet apart, with 4 to 6 corn plants per hill. Calculate your space with this in mind.

  1. In the spring, prepare the soil with plenty of organic matter and weed-free compost. Adjust the soil with fish scraps or wood ash if needed.
  2. Make a mound of soil about a foot high and 3 to 4 feet wide with a flat top that is about 10 inches across. For multiple mounds, space about four feet apart.
  3. Plant corn first once danger of frost has passed and nighttime temperatures reach 55°F. Don’t plant any later than June 1 in most areas, since corn requires a long growing season. Sien plaaslike rypdatums.
  4. Sow six kernels of corn an inch deep in the flat part of the mound, about ten inches apart in a circle of about 2 feet in diameter.
  5. Don’t plant the beans and squash until the corn is about 6 inches to 1 foot tall. This ensures that the corn stalks will be strong enough to support the beans. The beans’ role is to fix nitrogen in the soil, which is needed for strong corn production. You can grow several pole bean varieties without worrying about hybrids, but just plant one variety per hill. (Wenk: Another option is to plant corn transplants in this case, you’d plant them at the same time as the beans.)
  6. Once corn is 6 inches to 1 foot tall, plant four bean seeds, evenly spaced, around each stalk. (Wenk: If you coat your bean seeds with an innoculant before planting, you will fix nitrogen in the soil and that will benefit all of the plants.)
  7. About a week later, plant six squash seeds, evenly spaced, around the perimeter of the mound. See the spacing for squash on your packet usually this is about 18 inches apart. You may wish to put two seeds in each hole to ensure germination.

Sometimes a fourth sister is included, such as a sunflower or amaranth, which attracts pollinators and lures birds away from the seeds. Sunflowers can be planted at the cross section of the spaces between the corn hills, and harvested for seeds. Amaranth could come up among the squash, and could be harvested both for greens and for seeds.

Watch our video demonstrating how to plant a three sisters garden.

Read our article on Companion Gardening to learn more about which plants are friends—or, foes!


The Three Sisters: Corn, Beans, and Squash

Did you know that corn, beans, and squash are called the “Three Sisters”? A number of Native American tribes interplanted this trio because they thrive together, much like three inseparable sisters. Here’s how to plant your own Three Sisters garden.

What Is a Three Sisters Garden?

The Three Sisters method is companion planting at its best, with three plants growing symbiotically to deter weeds and pests, enrich the soil, and support each other.

Instead of today’s single rows of a single vegetable, this method of interplanting introduced biodiversity, which does many things—from attracting pollinators to making the land richer instead of stripping it of nutrients. In a sense, we take no more from nature than what we give back.

By the time European settlers arrived in America in the early 1600s, the Iroquois had been growing the “three sisters” for over three centuries. The vegetable trio sustained the Native Americans both physically and spiritually. In legend, the plants were a gift from the gods, always to be grown together, eaten together, and celebrated together.

Each of the sisters contributes something to the planting. Together, the sisters provide a balanced diet from a single planting.

  • As older sisters often do, the corn offers the beans necessary support.
  • The pole beans, the giving sister, pull nitrogen from the air and bring it to the soil for the benefit of all three.
  • As the beans grow through the tangle of squash vines and wind their way up the cornstalks into the sunlight, they hold the sisters close together.
  • The large leaves of the sprawling squash protect the threesome by creating living mulch that shades the soil, keeping it cool and moist and preventing weeds.
  • The prickly squash leaves also keep away raccoons and other pests, which don’t like to step on them.

Together, the three sisters provide both sustainable soil fertility as well as a heathly diet. Perfeksie!


Image credit: University of Illinois Extension

Which Seeds to Plant

In modern-day gardens, the Three Sisters consists of these three vegetables:

    (not bush beans). Common pole beans such as Scarlet Runner or Italian Snap should work. The ‘Ohio Pole Bean’ is our favorite. We’ve also heard that some very vigorous hybrid pole beans clambering up skinny hybrid corn stalks can pull them down. So if you want to be extra cautious, look for less vigorous climbers. If you’d like to try native varieties, look for Four Corners Gold Beans or Hopi Light Yellow.
    such as sweet corn, dent corn, or popcorn, or a combination. Your favorite sweet corn variety will do, although Native Americanas used a hearier corn with shorter stalks or many-stalked varieties so that the beans didn’t pull down the corn such as pale yellow Tarhumara corn, Hopi White corn, or heritage Black Aztec,
    such as summer squash (zucchini) or winter squash (Hubbard). Let wel: Pumpkins are too vigorous and heavy plant in a separate bed. Native American squash was different, but a yellow summer crookneck is similar enough.

If you do wish to investigate pure strains of native seeds, reach out to experts such as Native Seeds/ SEARCH , a nonprofit headquartered in Tucson, Arizona, or Native American cultural museums.

How to Plant the Three Sisters

There are variations to the Three Sisters method, but the idea is to plant the sisters in clusters on low wide mounds rather than in a single traditional row.

Before planting, choose a sunny location (at least 6 hours of full sun every day). This method of planting isn’t based on rows, so think in terms of a small field. Each hill will be about 4 feet wide and 4 feet apart, with 4 to 6 corn plants per hill. Calculate your space with this in mind.

  1. In the spring, prepare the soil with plenty of organic matter and weed-free compost. Adjust the soil with fish scraps or wood ash if needed.
  2. Make a mound of soil about a foot high and 3 to 4 feet wide with a flat top that is about 10 inches across. For multiple mounds, space about four feet apart.
  3. Plant corn first once danger of frost has passed and nighttime temperatures reach 55°F. Don’t plant any later than June 1 in most areas, since corn requires a long growing season. Sien plaaslike rypdatums.
  4. Sow six kernels of corn an inch deep in the flat part of the mound, about ten inches apart in a circle of about 2 feet in diameter.
  5. Don’t plant the beans and squash until the corn is about 6 inches to 1 foot tall. This ensures that the corn stalks will be strong enough to support the beans. The beans’ role is to fix nitrogen in the soil, which is needed for strong corn production. You can grow several pole bean varieties without worrying about hybrids, but just plant one variety per hill. (Wenk: Another option is to plant corn transplants in this case, you’d plant them at the same time as the beans.)
  6. Once corn is 6 inches to 1 foot tall, plant four bean seeds, evenly spaced, around each stalk. (Wenk: If you coat your bean seeds with an innoculant before planting, you will fix nitrogen in the soil and that will benefit all of the plants.)
  7. About a week later, plant six squash seeds, evenly spaced, around the perimeter of the mound. See the spacing for squash on your packet usually this is about 18 inches apart. You may wish to put two seeds in each hole to ensure germination.

Sometimes a fourth sister is included, such as a sunflower or amaranth, which attracts pollinators and lures birds away from the seeds. Sunflowers can be planted at the cross section of the spaces between the corn hills, and harvested for seeds. Amaranth could come up among the squash, and could be harvested both for greens and for seeds.

Watch our video demonstrating how to plant a three sisters garden.

Read our article on Companion Gardening to learn more about which plants are friends—or, foes!


The Three Sisters: Corn, Beans, and Squash

Did you know that corn, beans, and squash are called the “Three Sisters”? A number of Native American tribes interplanted this trio because they thrive together, much like three inseparable sisters. Here’s how to plant your own Three Sisters garden.

What Is a Three Sisters Garden?

The Three Sisters method is companion planting at its best, with three plants growing symbiotically to deter weeds and pests, enrich the soil, and support each other.

Instead of today’s single rows of a single vegetable, this method of interplanting introduced biodiversity, which does many things—from attracting pollinators to making the land richer instead of stripping it of nutrients. In a sense, we take no more from nature than what we give back.

By the time European settlers arrived in America in the early 1600s, the Iroquois had been growing the “three sisters” for over three centuries. The vegetable trio sustained the Native Americans both physically and spiritually. In legend, the plants were a gift from the gods, always to be grown together, eaten together, and celebrated together.

Each of the sisters contributes something to the planting. Together, the sisters provide a balanced diet from a single planting.

  • As older sisters often do, the corn offers the beans necessary support.
  • The pole beans, the giving sister, pull nitrogen from the air and bring it to the soil for the benefit of all three.
  • As the beans grow through the tangle of squash vines and wind their way up the cornstalks into the sunlight, they hold the sisters close together.
  • The large leaves of the sprawling squash protect the threesome by creating living mulch that shades the soil, keeping it cool and moist and preventing weeds.
  • The prickly squash leaves also keep away raccoons and other pests, which don’t like to step on them.

Together, the three sisters provide both sustainable soil fertility as well as a heathly diet. Perfeksie!


Image credit: University of Illinois Extension

Which Seeds to Plant

In modern-day gardens, the Three Sisters consists of these three vegetables:

    (not bush beans). Common pole beans such as Scarlet Runner or Italian Snap should work. The ‘Ohio Pole Bean’ is our favorite. We’ve also heard that some very vigorous hybrid pole beans clambering up skinny hybrid corn stalks can pull them down. So if you want to be extra cautious, look for less vigorous climbers. If you’d like to try native varieties, look for Four Corners Gold Beans or Hopi Light Yellow.
    such as sweet corn, dent corn, or popcorn, or a combination. Your favorite sweet corn variety will do, although Native Americanas used a hearier corn with shorter stalks or many-stalked varieties so that the beans didn’t pull down the corn such as pale yellow Tarhumara corn, Hopi White corn, or heritage Black Aztec,
    such as summer squash (zucchini) or winter squash (Hubbard). Let wel: Pumpkins are too vigorous and heavy plant in a separate bed. Native American squash was different, but a yellow summer crookneck is similar enough.

If you do wish to investigate pure strains of native seeds, reach out to experts such as Native Seeds/ SEARCH , a nonprofit headquartered in Tucson, Arizona, or Native American cultural museums.

How to Plant the Three Sisters

There are variations to the Three Sisters method, but the idea is to plant the sisters in clusters on low wide mounds rather than in a single traditional row.

Before planting, choose a sunny location (at least 6 hours of full sun every day). This method of planting isn’t based on rows, so think in terms of a small field. Each hill will be about 4 feet wide and 4 feet apart, with 4 to 6 corn plants per hill. Calculate your space with this in mind.

  1. In the spring, prepare the soil with plenty of organic matter and weed-free compost. Adjust the soil with fish scraps or wood ash if needed.
  2. Make a mound of soil about a foot high and 3 to 4 feet wide with a flat top that is about 10 inches across. For multiple mounds, space about four feet apart.
  3. Plant corn first once danger of frost has passed and nighttime temperatures reach 55°F. Don’t plant any later than June 1 in most areas, since corn requires a long growing season. Sien plaaslike rypdatums.
  4. Sow six kernels of corn an inch deep in the flat part of the mound, about ten inches apart in a circle of about 2 feet in diameter.
  5. Don’t plant the beans and squash until the corn is about 6 inches to 1 foot tall. This ensures that the corn stalks will be strong enough to support the beans. The beans’ role is to fix nitrogen in the soil, which is needed for strong corn production. You can grow several pole bean varieties without worrying about hybrids, but just plant one variety per hill. (Wenk: Another option is to plant corn transplants in this case, you’d plant them at the same time as the beans.)
  6. Once corn is 6 inches to 1 foot tall, plant four bean seeds, evenly spaced, around each stalk. (Wenk: If you coat your bean seeds with an innoculant before planting, you will fix nitrogen in the soil and that will benefit all of the plants.)
  7. About a week later, plant six squash seeds, evenly spaced, around the perimeter of the mound. See the spacing for squash on your packet usually this is about 18 inches apart. You may wish to put two seeds in each hole to ensure germination.

Sometimes a fourth sister is included, such as a sunflower or amaranth, which attracts pollinators and lures birds away from the seeds. Sunflowers can be planted at the cross section of the spaces between the corn hills, and harvested for seeds. Amaranth could come up among the squash, and could be harvested both for greens and for seeds.

Watch our video demonstrating how to plant a three sisters garden.

Read our article on Companion Gardening to learn more about which plants are friends—or, foes!


The Three Sisters: Corn, Beans, and Squash

Did you know that corn, beans, and squash are called the “Three Sisters”? A number of Native American tribes interplanted this trio because they thrive together, much like three inseparable sisters. Here’s how to plant your own Three Sisters garden.

What Is a Three Sisters Garden?

The Three Sisters method is companion planting at its best, with three plants growing symbiotically to deter weeds and pests, enrich the soil, and support each other.

Instead of today’s single rows of a single vegetable, this method of interplanting introduced biodiversity, which does many things—from attracting pollinators to making the land richer instead of stripping it of nutrients. In a sense, we take no more from nature than what we give back.

By the time European settlers arrived in America in the early 1600s, the Iroquois had been growing the “three sisters” for over three centuries. The vegetable trio sustained the Native Americans both physically and spiritually. In legend, the plants were a gift from the gods, always to be grown together, eaten together, and celebrated together.

Each of the sisters contributes something to the planting. Together, the sisters provide a balanced diet from a single planting.

  • As older sisters often do, the corn offers the beans necessary support.
  • The pole beans, the giving sister, pull nitrogen from the air and bring it to the soil for the benefit of all three.
  • As the beans grow through the tangle of squash vines and wind their way up the cornstalks into the sunlight, they hold the sisters close together.
  • The large leaves of the sprawling squash protect the threesome by creating living mulch that shades the soil, keeping it cool and moist and preventing weeds.
  • The prickly squash leaves also keep away raccoons and other pests, which don’t like to step on them.

Together, the three sisters provide both sustainable soil fertility as well as a heathly diet. Perfeksie!


Image credit: University of Illinois Extension

Which Seeds to Plant

In modern-day gardens, the Three Sisters consists of these three vegetables:

    (not bush beans). Common pole beans such as Scarlet Runner or Italian Snap should work. The ‘Ohio Pole Bean’ is our favorite. We’ve also heard that some very vigorous hybrid pole beans clambering up skinny hybrid corn stalks can pull them down. So if you want to be extra cautious, look for less vigorous climbers. If you’d like to try native varieties, look for Four Corners Gold Beans or Hopi Light Yellow.
    such as sweet corn, dent corn, or popcorn, or a combination. Your favorite sweet corn variety will do, although Native Americanas used a hearier corn with shorter stalks or many-stalked varieties so that the beans didn’t pull down the corn such as pale yellow Tarhumara corn, Hopi White corn, or heritage Black Aztec,
    such as summer squash (zucchini) or winter squash (Hubbard). Let wel: Pumpkins are too vigorous and heavy plant in a separate bed. Native American squash was different, but a yellow summer crookneck is similar enough.

If you do wish to investigate pure strains of native seeds, reach out to experts such as Native Seeds/ SEARCH , a nonprofit headquartered in Tucson, Arizona, or Native American cultural museums.

How to Plant the Three Sisters

There are variations to the Three Sisters method, but the idea is to plant the sisters in clusters on low wide mounds rather than in a single traditional row.

Before planting, choose a sunny location (at least 6 hours of full sun every day). This method of planting isn’t based on rows, so think in terms of a small field. Each hill will be about 4 feet wide and 4 feet apart, with 4 to 6 corn plants per hill. Calculate your space with this in mind.

  1. In the spring, prepare the soil with plenty of organic matter and weed-free compost. Adjust the soil with fish scraps or wood ash if needed.
  2. Make a mound of soil about a foot high and 3 to 4 feet wide with a flat top that is about 10 inches across. For multiple mounds, space about four feet apart.
  3. Plant corn first once danger of frost has passed and nighttime temperatures reach 55°F. Don’t plant any later than June 1 in most areas, since corn requires a long growing season. Sien plaaslike rypdatums.
  4. Sow six kernels of corn an inch deep in the flat part of the mound, about ten inches apart in a circle of about 2 feet in diameter.
  5. Don’t plant the beans and squash until the corn is about 6 inches to 1 foot tall. This ensures that the corn stalks will be strong enough to support the beans. The beans’ role is to fix nitrogen in the soil, which is needed for strong corn production. You can grow several pole bean varieties without worrying about hybrids, but just plant one variety per hill. (Wenk: Another option is to plant corn transplants in this case, you’d plant them at the same time as the beans.)
  6. Once corn is 6 inches to 1 foot tall, plant four bean seeds, evenly spaced, around each stalk. (Wenk: If you coat your bean seeds with an innoculant before planting, you will fix nitrogen in the soil and that will benefit all of the plants.)
  7. About a week later, plant six squash seeds, evenly spaced, around the perimeter of the mound. See the spacing for squash on your packet usually this is about 18 inches apart. You may wish to put two seeds in each hole to ensure germination.

Sometimes a fourth sister is included, such as a sunflower or amaranth, which attracts pollinators and lures birds away from the seeds. Sunflowers can be planted at the cross section of the spaces between the corn hills, and harvested for seeds. Amaranth could come up among the squash, and could be harvested both for greens and for seeds.

Watch our video demonstrating how to plant a three sisters garden.

Read our article on Companion Gardening to learn more about which plants are friends—or, foes!


The Three Sisters: Corn, Beans, and Squash

Did you know that corn, beans, and squash are called the “Three Sisters”? A number of Native American tribes interplanted this trio because they thrive together, much like three inseparable sisters. Here’s how to plant your own Three Sisters garden.

What Is a Three Sisters Garden?

The Three Sisters method is companion planting at its best, with three plants growing symbiotically to deter weeds and pests, enrich the soil, and support each other.

Instead of today’s single rows of a single vegetable, this method of interplanting introduced biodiversity, which does many things—from attracting pollinators to making the land richer instead of stripping it of nutrients. In a sense, we take no more from nature than what we give back.

By the time European settlers arrived in America in the early 1600s, the Iroquois had been growing the “three sisters” for over three centuries. The vegetable trio sustained the Native Americans both physically and spiritually. In legend, the plants were a gift from the gods, always to be grown together, eaten together, and celebrated together.

Each of the sisters contributes something to the planting. Together, the sisters provide a balanced diet from a single planting.

  • As older sisters often do, the corn offers the beans necessary support.
  • The pole beans, the giving sister, pull nitrogen from the air and bring it to the soil for the benefit of all three.
  • As the beans grow through the tangle of squash vines and wind their way up the cornstalks into the sunlight, they hold the sisters close together.
  • The large leaves of the sprawling squash protect the threesome by creating living mulch that shades the soil, keeping it cool and moist and preventing weeds.
  • The prickly squash leaves also keep away raccoons and other pests, which don’t like to step on them.

Together, the three sisters provide both sustainable soil fertility as well as a heathly diet. Perfeksie!


Image credit: University of Illinois Extension

Which Seeds to Plant

In modern-day gardens, the Three Sisters consists of these three vegetables:

    (not bush beans). Common pole beans such as Scarlet Runner or Italian Snap should work. The ‘Ohio Pole Bean’ is our favorite. We’ve also heard that some very vigorous hybrid pole beans clambering up skinny hybrid corn stalks can pull them down. So if you want to be extra cautious, look for less vigorous climbers. If you’d like to try native varieties, look for Four Corners Gold Beans or Hopi Light Yellow.
    such as sweet corn, dent corn, or popcorn, or a combination. Your favorite sweet corn variety will do, although Native Americanas used a hearier corn with shorter stalks or many-stalked varieties so that the beans didn’t pull down the corn such as pale yellow Tarhumara corn, Hopi White corn, or heritage Black Aztec,
    such as summer squash (zucchini) or winter squash (Hubbard). Let wel: Pumpkins are too vigorous and heavy plant in a separate bed. Native American squash was different, but a yellow summer crookneck is similar enough.

If you do wish to investigate pure strains of native seeds, reach out to experts such as Native Seeds/ SEARCH , a nonprofit headquartered in Tucson, Arizona, or Native American cultural museums.

How to Plant the Three Sisters

There are variations to the Three Sisters method, but the idea is to plant the sisters in clusters on low wide mounds rather than in a single traditional row.

Before planting, choose a sunny location (at least 6 hours of full sun every day). This method of planting isn’t based on rows, so think in terms of a small field. Each hill will be about 4 feet wide and 4 feet apart, with 4 to 6 corn plants per hill. Calculate your space with this in mind.

  1. In the spring, prepare the soil with plenty of organic matter and weed-free compost. Adjust the soil with fish scraps or wood ash if needed.
  2. Make a mound of soil about a foot high and 3 to 4 feet wide with a flat top that is about 10 inches across. For multiple mounds, space about four feet apart.
  3. Plant corn first once danger of frost has passed and nighttime temperatures reach 55°F. Don’t plant any later than June 1 in most areas, since corn requires a long growing season. Sien plaaslike rypdatums.
  4. Sow six kernels of corn an inch deep in the flat part of the mound, about ten inches apart in a circle of about 2 feet in diameter.
  5. Don’t plant the beans and squash until the corn is about 6 inches to 1 foot tall. This ensures that the corn stalks will be strong enough to support the beans. The beans’ role is to fix nitrogen in the soil, which is needed for strong corn production. You can grow several pole bean varieties without worrying about hybrids, but just plant one variety per hill. (Wenk: Another option is to plant corn transplants in this case, you’d plant them at the same time as the beans.)
  6. Once corn is 6 inches to 1 foot tall, plant four bean seeds, evenly spaced, around each stalk. (Wenk: If you coat your bean seeds with an innoculant before planting, you will fix nitrogen in the soil and that will benefit all of the plants.)
  7. About a week later, plant six squash seeds, evenly spaced, around the perimeter of the mound. See the spacing for squash on your packet usually this is about 18 inches apart. You may wish to put two seeds in each hole to ensure germination.

Sometimes a fourth sister is included, such as a sunflower or amaranth, which attracts pollinators and lures birds away from the seeds. Sunflowers can be planted at the cross section of the spaces between the corn hills, and harvested for seeds. Amaranth could come up among the squash, and could be harvested both for greens and for seeds.

Watch our video demonstrating how to plant a three sisters garden.

Read our article on Companion Gardening to learn more about which plants are friends—or, foes!